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It’s Obvious that Gypsies cannot be viewed as a nationality

It’s Obvious that Gypsies cannot be viewed as a nationality

5.990 Ft 4.790 Ft


At the dawn of the socialist period in Hungary the authorities

regarded the so-called “Gypsy question” similarly to the way the

previous regime had; one of public health and law enforcement.

In the second half of the 1950’s the single party state created

the Hungarian Gypsy Cultural Association, but in 1961, a party

resolution forbid Gypsy culture and language, thus creating

a barrier to the advancement of Gypsies as a nationality for

decades. With the issuing of the party decree the Hungarian

Socialist Workers’ Party set its Gypsy policy as one of forced

assimilation, in addition to seeking to solve the unbearable

housing, educational and employment situation of the Gypsy

populace. It was during the meeting where these proposals were

tabled that the first member of the party, János Kádár, said the

words which were to become the final judgement at that time as

to whether the Gypsies could be taken for a nationality or not:

“It's obvious that Gypsies cannot be viewed as a nationality.”

The fulfilment of the single party state’s Gypsy policy of forced

assimilation was to be obstructed by the local level of party

power, the respective councils, educational institutions, and

state corporations. There stretched a wide chasm between the

higher party ideals and the actions of local functionaries, as well

as the interests and beliefs of the non-Gypsy populace. Local

councils, for the most part, eliminated Gypsy settlements in

their areas but created “modern Gypsy settlements” through

the construction of low cost housing in separate zones. Gypsy

children were enrolled in school, but segregated Gypsy classes

were widespread and Gypsies were often sent to special needs

schools. Similar processes happened in the area of employment;

work was given to Gypsy workers, but they were put into “Gypsy

brigades” and thus separate “Gypsy trades” emerged. By the

end of the 1980’s it had become obvious that the Gypsy policy

of forced assimilation had failed and that the integration of

the Gypsy populace was only partially successful, and for this

reason some inroads began to be made in the efforts of Gypsies

to progress as a nationality.

Megjelenés: 2019


Szerzők(vesszővel elválasztva) Hajnáczky Tamás
Megjelenés 2019
Terjedelem 400 oldal
ISBN 978-2-343-18808-9
Arrow Forward